1. Toronto, Ontario
Toronto is the capital of the Canadian province of Ontario. It is the most populous city in Canada and the fourth most populous city in North America. The city is the anchor of the Golden Horseshoe, an urban agglomeration of 9,241,780 people (as of 2016) that is the third most populous metropolitan area in North America, after New York City and Mexico City. Toronto is an international centre of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world.
People have lived in the area now known as Toronto for over 10,000 years. The city itself was founded in 1834 by John Graves Simcoe as the capital of Upper Canada. The city grew rapidly during the nineteenth century and became an important economic, political, and cultural centre of Canada. The city was the site of the battles of York and Fort York during the War of 1812. It was also the capital of Ontario from 1867 until it was amalgamated into the current city in 1998.
2. Vancouver, British Columbia
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 631,486 people in the city, up from 603,502 in 2011. The Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2,463,431 in 2016, making it the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada with over 5,400 people per square kilometre, which makes it the fifth-most densely populated city with over 250,000 residents in North America behind New York City, San Francisco, Mexico City and Boston.
Vancouver is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities in Canada according to that census. 60% of the residents speak a first language other than English. 22% of the city’s population is of Chinese descent, and Vancouver has the largest visible minority population of any city in Canada.
The city of Vancouver was founded on June 13, 1886, when the local farmstead became the first incorporated municipality in British Columbia. The city is named after Captain George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 and gave various places British names. Vancouver achieved City status in 1886, the same year as its incorporation. By 1887, the transcontinental railways to the city brought an influx of people from eastern Canada, the U.S. and Europe, as well as a large influx of Asian immigrants.
3. Montreal, Quebec
Montreal is the second-largest city in Canada and the principal metropolis of the Quebec province. It is the largest city in the Canadian Francophonie and the second-largest Francophone city in the world, after Paris. Historically, it was Canada’s commercial capital and one of the largest cities in North America.
The city is named after the Montréal Island in the Hochelaga Archipelago, a park situated in the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers, directly to the east of the city centre. The city is the seat of the Government of Quebec and the National Assembly of Quebec, and it is the historical and cultural capital of Quebec.
Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second-largest primarily French-speaking city in the world, after Paris.
4. Calgary, Alberta
Calgary is the largest city in the province of Alberta and the fourth most populous city in Canada. It is situated at the confluence of the Bow River and the Elbow River in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie, about 80 km (50 mi) east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies. The Calgary area was first inhabited by pre-Clovis people at least 11,000 years ago.
The area now known as Calgary was first settled by Europeans in 1787 when the Hudson’s Bay Company established a fort at the confluence of the Bow and Elbow rivers. The area was renamed “Fort Calgary” in 1876 by Colonel James Macleod. when it was incorporated as a town in 1884, and then as a city in 1894. It grew rapidly until the turn of the 20th century, and the city’s economy is now based on petroleum and natural gas.
Calgary is one of the liveliest cities in Canada. It is a destination for outdoor enthusiasts, with its proximity to the Rocky Mountains. The city also has a vibrant arts and culture scene, and is home to several professional sports teams, including the Calgary Flames of the National Hockey League.
Calgary is a city of contrasts. The downtown area is a modern skyline of high-rise office towers and residential condominiums, while the city’s parks and river valleys offer a more natural setting. The city is also home to a large immigrant population, with over 200,000 immigrants living in Calgary.
5. Ottawa, Ontario
Ottawa is the capital of Canada and the fourth largest city in the country. It is located in the province of Ontario on the Ottawa River, near the border with the province of Quebec. The city has a population of over 1.2 million people.
Ottawa is a beautiful city with many parks and green spaces. It is also home to a number of important government buildings, including the Parliament buildings and the Supreme Court. The city is also a popular tourist destination, with many museums and historical sites to visit.
Ottawa is a great place to live, work, and raise a family. It is a safe and friendly city with a high quality of life. There are many things to do in Ottawa, and the city is constantly growing and changing. If you are looking for a place to call home, Ottawa is a great choice.
6. Edmonton, Alberta
Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta. The city is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region, which is surrounded by Alberta’s central region. The city had a population of 932,546 in 2016, making it Alberta’s second-largest city and Canada’s fifth-largest municipality. This represents a 30.7% increase from its 2015 population of 701,156, which makes it one of Canada’s fastest-growing cities. Edmonton is a cultural, governmental and educational centre. It hosts a year-round slate of festivals, reflected in the nickname “Canada’s Festival City”. It is home to North America’s largest mall, West Edmonton Mall, and Fort Edmonton Park, Canada’s largest living history museum.
The city is named after the former Town of Edmonton, South Alberta, which was incorporated in 1892 and amalgamated with the City of Edmonton in 1912. Edmonton’s historic growth has been facilitated through the absorption of five adjacent urban municipalities (Strathcona, North Edmonton, West Edmonton, Beverly and Jasper Place) and a series of annexations ending in 1982. Known as the “Gateway to the North”, the city is a staging point for large-scale oil sands projects occurring in northern Alberta, such as the Athabasca oil sands.
7. Mississauga, Ontario
Mississauga is a city located in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario. It is the sixth-largest municipality in Canada with a population of 721,599 as of the 2016 census.
Mississauga is a suburban city located in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario. It is the sixth-largest municipality in Canada with a population of 721,599 as of the 2016 census. Mississauga is the largest suburb of Toronto, and the site of Toronto’s Pearson International Airport. It is also home to a number of large corporations, including Canadian Tire, Coca-Cola, and Microsoft.
Mississauga was founded in 1805 as a small rural settlement. It was later incorporated as a city in 1974. Mississauga has grown rapidly in recent years, and is now one of the most populous cities in the Greater Toronto Area.
Mississauga is a diverse city, with a large population of immigrants. Over half of the population is foreign-born, and over 200 different languages are spoken in the city. Mississauga is also home to a large number of parks and recreation areas, including the Credit Valley Conservation Authority, which offers a variety of programs and activities for residents.
Mississauga is a great place to live, work, and raise a family. The city offers a variety of amenities and activities for residents, and is a safe and welcoming community.
8. Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada. It is centred on the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers, near the longitudinal centre of North America.
The city is named after the nearby Lake Winnipeg; the name comes from the Western Cree words for muddy water. The region was a trading centre for Indigenous peoples long before the arrival of Europeans. French traders built the first fort on the site in 1738. A settlement was later founded by the Selkirk settlers of the Red River Colony in 1812, the nucleus of which was incorporated as the City of Winnipeg in 1873. As of 2011, Winnipeg is the seventh-most populated municipality in Canada.
Winnipeg’s diverse culture and heritage make it a popular tourist destination. The city is also home to several professional sports franchises, including the Winnipeg Jets of the National Hockey League, the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League, and FC Winnipeg of the Canadian Premier League.
The city’s climate is classified as continental (Köppen climate classification: Dfb). Winters are long and cold, while summers are short and warm. Precipitation is low throughout the year.
9. Brampton, Ontario
Brampton is a city in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada. It is a suburban city in the Regional Municipality of Peel, with a population of 593,638 as of the 2016 census. Brampton is Canada’s ninth-most populous municipality, the seventy-seventh largest city in North America and the third most populous city in the Greater Golden Horseshoe Region, behind Toronto and Mississauga.
Brampton was incorporated as a village in 1853, taking its name from the town of Brampton, in Cumbria, England. The city was once known as “The Flower Town of Canada”, a title earned due to its large greenhouse industry. Today, Brampton’s major economic sectors include advanced manufacturing, retail administration, logistics, information and communication technologies, food and beverage, life sciences and business services. Mass immigration has greatly increased Brampton’s population – from 10,000 in the 1950s to over 600,000 today.
Brampton is one of Canada’s fastest-growing cities, with an average annual growth rate of 5.3% from 2001 to 2016. It is also one of the most diverse cities in the country, with a visible minority population of 56.4% as of the 2016 census. Brampton’s population is also young, with the median age being 34.5 years, compared to the national average of 41.2 years.